ESTC Textbook 1

Chinese textbooks
Here are all the words you need to know in Easy Steps to Chinese 1.

one; another

seven; a Chinese custom to hold a memorial service on every 7th day following a person's death until the 49th day

sānthree; more than two

jiǔnine; many

leused to indicate anticipated or assumed action

èrdifferent; two

five; a note of the scale in gongchepu, corresponding to 6 in numbered musical notation

rénhuman being; an adult human being

shén me什么what; something

jīnnow; of today

jīn tiān今天today; now

jīn nián今年this year

he or him; other

zhùlive; stop


eight; eighth

liùa note of the scale in gongchepu, corresponding to 5 in numbered musical notation; six

zàitwice; recur

zài jiàn再见goodbye

how many; a few

chūproceed from inside to outside; appear

chū shēng出生be born

shíten; topmost

shí yī十一October 1st; eleven

kǒumouth; one's taste

jiàocry; call

hào mǎ号码number

míngname; give a name

míng zi名字given name; title

harmonious; gentle

elder brother in a family or subfamily; a term of address for a male relative of one's own generation who is older than one

gē ge哥哥elder brother; elder male relative of the same generation

what; whichever

nǎ r哪儿where; wherever

four; note in the Chinese gongchepu scale

zàiexist; join or belong to an organization

duōmuch; exceed the expected/intended quantity

duō shǎo多少amount; a little

big; heavy

tiānsky; day

her; reference to something beloved, such as one's motherland and national flag

ma; aunt

mā ma妈妈mom; mother

mèisister; younger female of the same generation

mèi mei妹妹younger sister

jiěelder sister; woman of the same generation who is older than oneself

jiě jie姐姐elder sister; girl or woman who is of the same generation but older in age

character; courtesy name

xiǎosmall; of short duration

suìyear; year

niánharvest; year

younger brother; younger male cousin

dì di弟弟younger brother


self; one

wéncharacter; written language

sun; daytime

míngbright; sight

míng tiān明天tomorrow; the near future

xīngstar; celestial body that emits or reflects light in the space, including stars , planets , satellites , comets, shooting stars, etc.

xīng qī星期week; day of the week

xīng qī tiān星期天Sunday

xīng qī rì星期日Sunday

zuóyesterday; the past

zuó tiān昨天yesterday; the past

shìthis; yes

yuèthe moon; month

yǒuexist; have

make an appointment; term


bà ba爸爸dad

wángking; highest rank of nobility in feudal times

shēng rì生日birthday

diànlightning; electricity

diàn huà电话telephone; phone call

deused to indicate a modifying and modified relationship

a sign or thing indicating number; an instrument used to indicate number

jiànsee; meet

huàword; talk about

shuísame as 谁

běi jīng北京Beijing

shēnggive birth to; be born

yī yuè一月January; the first month of the lunar year

shàng hǎi上海Shanghai

dōng jīng东京Tokyo

èr shí二十twenty

lún dūn伦敦London

shí jiǔ十九nineteen

bā lí巴黎Paris

niǔ yuē纽约New York

xiāng gǎng香港Hong Kong

xīng qī yī星期一Monday

hǎogood; friendly


shǎofew; be short of

duō dà多大how old

èr shí wǔ二十五twenty five

jǐ suì几岁how old

jiǔ shí jiǔ九十九ninety-nine

nín hǎo您好hello